From Icon to Metaphor: Studies in the Semiotics of the Hieroglyphic Script.  (Orbis  Biblicus et OrientalisUniversitätsverlag Freiburg Schweiz  Vandenhoeck & RuprechtGöttingen, 1995).

Lovers, Prophets and Giraffes: Wor[l]d Classification in Ancient Egypt. (Göttinger  Orient forschungen, Otto Harrassowitz: Wiesbaden, 2002).


Structuring Egyptian Syntax: A Tribute to Sarah Israelit-Groll  (Lingua Aegyptia 9, 2000). In collaboration with Deborah Sweeney.

The Challenge of the Hyksos – Cultural Interference in New Kingdom Egypt.  In: Contributions to the Archaeology of Egypt and the Levant IV, Denkschriften der Gesamtakademie der Österreichischen  Akademie der Wissenschaften), Wien.


Goldwasser, O. and Naveh, J.  1976. ‘The Origin of the Tet-Symbol” Israel  Exploration Journal  26: 15–19.

Goldwasser, O. 1980.  Hekanahte and the ‘Boat Metaphor’” Göttinger  Miszellen 40: 21–22.

Goldwasser, O. 1980.  “An Egyptian Store-Jar from Haruvit” Qadmoniot 13: 34 [Hebrew].

Goldwasser, O.  1982. “The Lachish Hieratic Bowl Once Again”  Tel- Aviv  9: 137–138.

Goldwasser, O.  1984. “Hieratic Inscriptions from Tel Seraʿ in Southern Canaan” Tel-Aviv 11: 77-93.

Goldwasser, O. 1985. “A Late Egyptian Epistolary Formula as an Aid to Dating Ramesside Texts”  inPharaonic Egypt, Ed. Sarah. I. Groll, 50–57. Jerusalem: Magnes Press.

Goldwasser, O.  1989. “Egyptian Finds” in:  Hazor III–IVText, Ed. A. Ben-Tor, Jerusalem: Hebrew University.

Goldwasser, O. 1990. “On the Choice of Registers - Studies in the Grammar of Papyrus Anastasi I” in: Studies in Egyptology Presented to Miriam Lichtheim, Ed. S.I.Groll, 120–149.  Jerusalem: Magnes Press.

Goldwasser, O.  1990. “A Cartouche of Semenekhkare from Canaan” Göttinger  Miszellen 115: 29–32.

Goldwasser, O. 1991. “Hieratic Sherd from Tel Haror Qadmoniot  24:19. [Hebrew].

Goldwasser, O. 1991. “On Dynamic Canonicity in Late-Egyptian: The Case of the Literary Letter and Personal Prayer” Lingua  Aegyptia 1: 129-141.

Goldwasser, O. 1992. “On the Date of Seth from Qubiebeh  Israel Exploration Journal  42: 47-51.

Goldwasser, O. and Laor N. 1991. “The Allure of the Holy Glyphs: A Psycholinguistic Perspective  on the Egyptian Script” Göttinger Miszellen 123: 37–51.

Goldwasser, O. 1991. “An Egyptian Scribe from Lachish and the Hieratic Tradition of the Hebrew Kingdoms” Tel Aviv 18: 248-253.

Goldwasser, O. 1992. “Literary Late Egyptian as a Polysystem  Poetics Today 13: 447-462.

Goldwasser, O. 1992. ‘The Narmer Palette and the ‘Triumph of Metaphor’” Lingua Aegyptia  2: 67-85.

Goldwasser, O.  1995. “On the Conception of the Poetic Form — A Love Letter to a Departed Wife. Ostracon Louvre 698”  Israel Oriental Studies 15: 57–69.

Goldwasser, O. 1997. “Itn - the ‘Golden Egg’ (CT IV, 292b-c)”, in: Essays on Ancient Egypt in the Honour of Herman te  Velde. Ed. J. van Dijk, Groningen: STYX publications, 79-84.

Goldwasser, O. and S. Wimmer, 1999. “Hieratic Fragments from Tell el-Far'ah [South]” BASOR 313: 39-45.

Goldwasser, O. 1999. ‘“Low” and “High” Dialects in Ramesside Egyptian, in: Textcorpus und  WörterbuchAspekte  zur  aegyptischen  Lexicographie. Eds. S. Grunert & I. Hofmann Probleme der  Ägyptologie 14. Leiden: Brill.

Goldwasser, O. 1999. “The Determinative System as a Mirror of World Organization”  Göttinger  Miszellen 170: 73-93.

Goldwasser, O. 2000. “Poetic License in 19th Dynasty Non-Literary Late Egyptian” Lingua Aegyptia  9: 123-138.

Goldwasser, O. 2001. ‘HIEROGLYPHS’, in: The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt. Oxford and N.Y.: Oxford University Press.

Goldwasser, O. 2002. “A ‘Kirgipa’ Commemorative Scarab of Amenhotep III from Beit  Shean” Ägypten und Levante XI: 191–192.

Goldwasser, O. 2003. “The Building Blocks of a Conceptual Category: The Ancient Egyptian Evidence” in: Philosophers and Hieroglyphs, Eds. L. Morra & C. Bazzanella, 219–236 Rosenberg & Sellier: Torino.

Goldwasser, O. 2005. “Where is Metaphor?: Conceptual Metaphor and Alternative Classification in the Hieroglyphic Script” Metaphor and Symbol 20(2), 95-113.

Goldwasser, O. 2006.  “A Comparison between Classifier Language and Classifier Script: The Case of Ancient Egyptian” in: A Festschrift for Hans Jakob Polotsky, Ed. G. Goldenberg, 16-39, Magnes Press: Jerusalem.

Goldwasser, O. 2006. “King Apophis of Avaris and the Emergence of Monotheism” in: Timelines. Ed. E. Czerny et al., vol. II, Orientalia  Lovaniensia  Analecta 149/II, 129-133, Peeters: Leuven.

Goldwasser, O. 2006. “The Essence of Amarna Monotheism” in: in.t Dr.w —Festschrift für Friedrich Junge, Eds. H. Sternberg & G. Moers, 267–279, Seminar für Ägyptologie und KoptologieGöttingen.

Goldwasser, O. 2006. “Canaanites Reading Hieroglyphs. Part I – Horus is Hathor? Part II – The Invention of the Alphabet in Sinai” Ägypten und Levante XVI, 121-160.

Goldwasser, O. 2006. “On the New Definition of Classifier Languages and Scripts” Lingua Aegyptia 14, 473–484.

Goldwasser, O. 2009.  “La force de l'icône - le ‘signifié élu’ ”.  Image et conception du monde dans les écritures figurativesActes du colloque  Collège de France -Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, Paris, 24-25 janvier 2008. Edités par N. Beaux, B. Pottier et N. Grimal. Paris: AIBL-Soleb

Goldwasser, O. 2010. “ How the Alphabet was Born from Hieroglyphs” Biblical Archaeology Review 36, No. 2 (March/April): 40-53. (See also:

Goldwasser, O. 2010. “A Small Hieroglyphic Inscription on a Bone” In: Excavations at Tel Beth-Shean, 1989–1996. Volume III, The 13th - 11th centuries BCE (Areas S and N).  Ed. A. Mazar and N. Panitz-Cohen.

Goldwasser, O. 2010. “The Aten is the ‘Energy of Light’: New Evidence from the Script”. JARCE 46. 159-165.

Goldwasser, O. 2011. “The Advantage of Cultural Periphery: The Invention of the Alphabet in Sinai (circa 1840 B.C.E)” In: Culture Contacts and the Making of Cultures: Papers in Homage to Itamar Even-ZoharEds. Rakefet  Sela-Sheffy and Gideon Toury. Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University/ Unit of Culture Research. 251–316.

Goldwasser, O. and C. Grinevald, 2012. “What Are Determinatives Good For?” in: Lexical Semantics in Ancient Egyptian, Eds. E. Grossman, St. Polis. & J.  Winand, Lingua Aegyptia  Studia Monographica. 17–53.

Goldwasser, O. forthcoming. “The Hyksos Challenge – The Cultural Hypothesis” In: The Challenge of the Hyksos – Cultural Interference in New Kingdom Egypt. Eds. O.Goldwasser, M. Bietak and E. Grossman. In: Contributions to the Archaeology of Egypt and the Levant IV, Denkschriften der Gesamtakademie der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften), Wien.

Goldwasser, O. 2012. “ The Miners that Invented the Alphabet — a Response to Christopher Rollston”.  Journal of Ancient Egyptian Interconnections  4:3, 9–22.

BOOK REVIEWS:         

C. ForcevillePictorial Metaphor in Advertising, (Routledge: London & N.Y, 1996), in: Journal of Pragmatics 31: 1999, 609-618.